The Gallipoli campaign is one of the most well-known battles in Australia’s military history. On 25th April 1915, troops from Australia, New Zealand, Britain and other allied nations landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. The Australian and New Zealand troops landed just north of Gabe Tepe (the landing area later known as Anzac Cove), and the British and other allied troops landed at Cape Helles. They were attempting to capture the Turkish forts that were protecting the narrow strait of Dardanelles.
What was meant to be a relatively straight forward campaign, turned into an ambush when the Australian and New Zealand troops landed in the wrong location and were bombarded with Turkish shells and gunfire. In the eight months the troops spent there, they suffered 25,000 casualties, including 8700 deaths.
In this lesson, students will research to find out more about the Gallipoli campaign and, more specifically, Australia’s involvement.
Participating in this lesson will help students to achieve the following learning outcomes:
You will need:
Please note: Some of the content in this lesson may be upsetting for students. It is advised that teachers use their discretion when selecting the proposed activities for use in their classroom.
As a class, brainstorm what students already know about Gallipoli. Record ideas. Provide students (individually or in pairs) with a copy of the ‘All about Gallipoli’ activity sheet.
Ask students to read through all the questions and identify any words or phrases they are unfamiliar with. Discuss and clarify these as a class before completing the sheet.
Students use the internet and the websites suggested on the ‘All about Gallipoli’ activity sheet to answer the questions. They should note their source for each answer. Students are welcome to use other sources for their information, however the answers to the questions on the activity sheet will be found on the websites provided.
Once the students have completed the questions, discuss the answers as a class.
Students to select one or two pieces of interesting information, undertake some further research about the topics and create a presentation for the rest of the class. The format of the presentation can be agreed upon by students and the teacher.
Here are some suggested extra activities to extend the students’ learning.
School children from across Australia are invited to capture their individual reflections about those Australians who have sacrificed their lives for us in conflicts by writing their individual thoughts upon a Commemorative Cross.More information >